02 March 2020
In the context of her doctoral degree, Paola Parretti, in collaboration with Dr Jasmine Ferrario, Prof. Agnese Marchini (University of Pavia, Italy) Dr. João Canning Clode (PhD co-advizor, MARE, ARDITI) and Prof. Ana Costa (PhD Advisor, University of Azores), has developed a fuzzy interference system to assess the risk of a diving site to receive non-indigenous species (NIS) transported by diving boats. This “free-ride” model is composed by three levels: Level 1 evaluates the risk of each marina to act as NIS source. Level 2 assesses the risk of a diving boat to transport NIS to a diving site. Finally, Level 3 calculates the risk of a diving site to receive NIS.
For more detailed information on this model, please read Parretti et al., 2020. Free rides to diving sites: the risk of marine non-indigenous species dispersal. Ocean and Coastal Management (in press).You can also download the model here
28 February 2019
Ramalhosa, P., Gestoso, I., Duarte, B., Caçador, I., & Canning-Clode, J. (2019). Metal pollution affects both native and non-indigenous biofouling recruitment in a subtropical island system. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 141, 373-386 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.02.072
4 October 2018
Riera L, Ramalhosa P, Canning-Clode J, Gestoso I,. (2018). Variability in the settlement of non-indigenous species in benthic communities from an oceanic island. Helgoland Marine Research 72:15 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s10152-018-0517-3
2 March 2018
Gestoso, I., Ramalhosa, P. and Canning-Clode, J. (2018) Biotic effects during the settlement process of non-indigenous species in marine benthic communities. Aquatic Invasions. Volume 13, Issue 2: 247–259 DOI:https://doi.org/10.3391/ai.2018.13.2.06
14 November 2017
Ramalhosa P., Nebra A., Gestoso I. and Canning-Clode J. (2017). First record of the non-indigenous isopods Paracerceis sculpta (Holmes, 1904) and Sphaeroma walkeri Stebbing, 1905 (Isopoda, Sphaeromatidae) for Madeira Island. Crustaceana, 90, 1747-1764, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1163/15685403-00003727
7 April 2017
Open position! Our lab has one spot available for one Marine Biologist! MIMAR Project - Monitoring, control and mitigation of proliferation of marine organisms associated with human disturbance and climate change in the Macaronesian Region (Interreg MAC 2014-2020 Programme). OOM-ARDITI is looking the candidate will join the Madeira Unit of MARE – Marine and Environmental Science Centre, in Quinta do Lorde.
More info, here.
6 April 2017
We are recruiting! Our Lab has one spot available for one Environmental Scientist: PLASMAR Project, financed under the Interreg MAC 2014-2020 Programme, aims to support the development of standardized methologies for Maritime Spatial Planning and to facilitate the implementation of MSPD 2014/89/EU. OOM-ARDITI is looking the candidate will join the Madeira Unit of MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, in Quinta do Lorde.
More info, here.
22 March 2017
Léa Riera, 25 from France, and she will be working for the next 5 months with the Canning-Clode Marine Lab team to carry out her final internship as a part of her Marine Science Master in Montpellier.
During her stay here, she will be working with Ignacio Gestoso and João Canning Clode on the MAD-Impact project that aims to assess the effects of marine debris and invasive species in marine protected areas of Madeira Archipelago. To do so, she will study various anthropogenic impacts on marine benthic communities and monitor exotic species. She is very excited about this new experience and she is hoping to acquire more experience in analytical research techniques as well as field work activities. Welcome Léa!
13 March 2017
We have recently welcomed our newest (Erasmus+) intern - Peter Prikryl – who will be joinning our team during the next 5-6 months, to get hands-on experience and further develop his skill set and expertise in marine science. During his stay, Peter will be working with our team in ongoing research and activities, such as the characterization and mapping of benthic communities, assessing impact of anthropogenic stressors, monitoring of non indigeneous species and biofouling processes studies. Welcome Peter!
23 January 2017
For the next three years Susanne Schäfer will be at the Canning-Clode Marine Lab at MARE-Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre to carry out her doctoral work. This project is the result of an ongoing collaboration between our lab and the prestigious GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and Susi is being mentored by Dr. João Canning-Clode and Prof. Dr. Martin Wahl. In the framework of her project, Susi intends to determine the lower and upper thermal tolerance limits of several indigenous and non-indigenous species in Madeira coastal waters and test their performance under different scenarios of distinct warm and cold events. Thereby, the effect of extreme temperature events on the establishment and thus invasion success of selected marine invertebrate species will be evaluated. The results obtained by these experiments will be used to make predictions on the future of invasion success under climate change by ecological niche modeling (ENM).
17 January 2017
This week two new students arrived from Germany to perform a short term internship in the framework of the ERASMUS program. Fabienne Frost and Alena Sidow will be therefore getting more experience in marine ecology sampling methods as a form of training. We hope they get to learn a lot and enjoy this experience.
9 November 2016
The last weekend our researchers, Patrício Ramalhosa and Igancio Gestoso, Participated in an initiative organized by the Town Hall of Porto Santo with the collaboration of Diving Center "Porto Santo Sub". The researchers collected biological samples from the residues recovered in the harbor of Porto Santo, that will be a help to the studies about biological invasions in harbors of the region.
More details click here (Portuguese only)
28 October 2016
We are recruiting! Our Lab has one spot available for one student to participate in next year's GAME (Global Approach by Modular Experiments) project on grazing interactions with benthic organisms. GAME gives you the chance to belong to an international network and develop your thesis within the subject.
PROJECT TITLE: "The future of grazing: how does ocean warming affect herbivore-algal interactions?"
- Introductory course: March 6-31, 2017 (in Kiel, Germany)
- Experimental phase: April 1st to September 30th 2017 (in Madeira, Portugal)
- Analysis course: October 4th to December 20th 2017 (in Kiel, Germany)
Available funding for: traveling, 4 month scholarship and consumables for the experiments.
More details click here
24 October 2016
During the ongoing monitoring surveys that Canning-Clode Marine Lab team is conducting at the marinas and harbors of the Madeira archipelago for non-indigenous species, Patrício Ramalhosa, João Canning-Clode and their fellow colleague at the University of Viene Javier Souto, have discovered one new species for science, Parasmittina multiaviculata, and two new records of Bryozoa in Madeira, Celleporaria inaudita and Parasmittina alba
Souto, J., Ramalhosa, P. & Canning-Clode, J. (2016). Three non-indigenous species from Madeira harbors, including a new species of Parasmittina (Bryozoa). Mar Biodiv. doi:10.1007/512526-016-0592-0 [Link]
30 September 2016
Our Researcher Dr. Ignacio Gestoso participated in the Aquatic Macroecology Meeting at Charles Darwin House, London 2016.
Ignacio attended to this international meeting to represent MARE Madeira and our group. In a poster communication he showed preliminary results from his postdoctoral research project in marine protected areas (MPAs). Here, he presented some evidences suggesting the capacity of MPAs to promote the biotic resistance of resident ecosystems against biological invasions [Link].
This activity organized by the BES Aquatic Ecology and BES Macroecology Special Interest groups focused the meeting to foster the integration of macroecological approaches into the study of aquatic ecosystems [Link]
5-9 September 2016
Between 5-9 September, our researcher Dr. Ignacio Gestoso participated in the XIX Iberian Symposium of Marine Biology Studies (XIX SIEBM) at Porto, with his work: “Interactive effects of predation and facilitation during the settlement process of non-indigenous species”.
Gestoso I, Ramalhosa P, Ferreira L and Canning-Clode J (2016). Interactive effects of predation and facilitation during the settlement process of non-indigenous species. Front. Mar. Sci. Conference Abstract: XIX Iberian Symposium on Marine Biology Studies. doi: 10.3389/conf.FMARS.2016.05.00054 [Link]
1 September 2016
The Canning-Clode Marine Lab team at MARE - Marine and Environment Science Centre has arrived at the new facility at Quinta do Lorde Marina. In the next five years, the Madeira unit of MARE - Marine and Environment Science Centre will be located at the hotel complex of Quinta do Lorde, in Caniçal, following the cooperation agreement signed by both entities. Initiatives and research projects with scientific, technological and business impacts, improvement projects in the operating conditions of marina are some examples of the objectives of this partnership. No doubt these objectives will be a great contribution to both institutions.
During de summer, the Canning-Clode Marine Lab team had developed activities about “marine waste”, specifically microplastics. This year, the project GAME is focus in microplastics and climate change with the title: “Interactive effects of microplastics particles and heat stress on benthic filter feeders”. Since March, Sabrina Schneider Covachã and Catarina Serra Gonçalves are studying the effects of microplastics and the effects of climate change on microplastics. [Link]
Also, our researcher Dr. Ignacio Gestoso offered a conference to general public, about “Mar de plástico” (“Plastic sea”) at Marine Biology Station of Funchal. He talked about the problem at global level and the situation for Madeira, and showed some works that are carrying out at the moment. [Link]
18-22 July 2016
Between 18-22 July, our researchers Dr. João Canning-Clode and Dr. Ignacio Gestoso were in Terceira Island (Azores) in the “Island Biology 2016” (II International Conference on Island Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation). Both researchers presented their works named: " Marine bioinvasions of benthic organisms along Macaronesian islands " and " Marine protected areas as biotic resistance hotspots against alien species invasions ", respectively.
10 June 2016
Patrício Ramalhosa, João Canning-Clode and Javier Souto, wrote a new article about “Diversity of Bugulidae (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) colonizing artificial substrates in the Madeira Arquipelago (NE Atlantic Ocean). In the present study they
include descriptions of seven Bugulidae species, now with Scanning Electron Microscopy images, with four new records for the Archipelago: Bugulina fulva and Bugulina simplex for Madeira Island and Bugula neritina and Crisularia gracilis for the neighbouring Island of Porto Santo. Specimens were collected in previously deployed PVC settling plates, marina pontoons, and also on recreational hull vessels while performing dry dock inspections at a local shipyard.
Ramalhosa P, Souto J, Canning-Clode J, (2016). Diversity of Bugulidae (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) colonizing artificial substrates in the Madeira Archipelago (NE Atlantic Ocean) Helgoland Marine Research, (), 1-20 (DOI:10.1186/s10152-016-0465-8) [Link]
25 October 2015
Ignacio Gestoso contribute with a new paper in the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, on the ecological interactions responses of two intertidal mussel species to changes in temperature and pH. In this study they used an experimental approach in mesocosms to evaluate the effects of increasing temperature and acidification on mussel clumps of different composition.
Gestoso I, Arenas F, Olabarria, C (2016) Ecological interactions modulate responses of two intertidal mussel species to changes in temperature and pH . Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 474:116-125 [Link]
21 October 2015
A new paper just came out in the journal Diversity & Distribution with João Canning Clode as a co-author. This is part of a broad project conducted on the east coast of the USA focusing on evaluating a peculiar vector for the introduction of invasive species: Live bait!.
Fowler, A. E., Blakeslee, A. M. H., Canning-Clode, J., Repetto, M. F., Phillip, A. M., Carlton, J. T., Moser, F. C., Ruiz, G. M., Miller, A. W. (2015), Opening Pandora's bait box: a potent vector for biological invasions of live marine species. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12376 [Link]
15 April 2015
João Canning Clode just co-authored a paper in the prestigious journal PLoS Biology on impacts of non-native species, specifically for the marine environment.
Ojaveer, H., Galil, B. S., Campbell, M. L., Carlton, J. T., Canning-Clode, J., Cook, E. J., ... & Ruiz, G. (2015). Classification of Non-Indigenous Species Based on Their Impacts: Considerations for Application in Marine Management.[Link]
27 March 2015
Patricio hosted a oral communication on Funchal city hall entittled " Biological Invasions in the sea of Madeira and the maritime Traffic" part of Conference Cicles Fridays-of-the-OOM by Madeira Oceanic Observatory. The number of biological invasions has increased significantly in recent decades, largely due to NIS transport on ship hulls (bio-fouling) and also in ballast water, latter being some of the most important input vectors for the archipelago of Madeira (RAM). The man aim of his work is to compile a comprehensive and complete database of all maritime traffic on all ports and marinas of RAM. This unique database includes the number of arrivals of all vessels types (cruises, recreational, cargo, scientific, military ...) for last calling port, destination port, nationality, vessel length and among other variables. Hence all the relevance to gather and collect all the information, from all different entities (ports and marinas) over several years. Thus, the length of this work to pass most data that still remain in old cataloged records and in paper format to digital format.
17 March 2015
Patricio and João contribute with a new article in the scientific journal BioInvasions Records resulting from a survey to monitor for marine non-indigenous species in two marinas of the archipelago of Madeira (Portugal) where the invasive caprellid Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836 was detected in Madeira Island. This species was first described from Mauritius in the western Indian Ocean. During the 20th century, Caprella scaura has been detected in numerous locations worldwide (Australia, California, Mediterranean) and most recently reported in southern Europe and northern Africa. Hull fouling was the most likely vector for the introduction of C. scaura to Madeira Island.
Ramalhosa P, & Canning-Clode J, (2015) The invasive caprellid Caprella scaura Templeton, 1836 (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Caprellidae) arrives to Madeira Island, Portugal. BioInvasions Records Volume 4, Issue 2: 97-102 http://dx.doi.org/10.3391/bir.2015.4.2.05
Carlos Lucas photo credit
Carlos Lucas photo credit
Carlos Lucas photo credit
Carlos Lucas photo credit
Carlos Lucas photo credit
Data formats and years
1960-1975 last calling ports to Funchal
Last calling port to Funchal 2010 by vessel type
04 March 2015
João Canning Clode together with his colleagues Javier Souto Derungs and Manfred Kaufmann just published a paper where they describe two new species of bryozoans for science! This means they were never described before. They found these colonial animals encrusting subtidal rocks from shallow waters in Madeira Island, Portugal.
Javier Souto, Manfred J. kaufmann, Canning-Clode J. (2015). New species and new records of bryozoans from shallow waters of Madeira Island Zootaxa 3925 (4): 581–593 http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3925.4.7 [Link]
Male and female
Male and female
Male, female and juvenile
On top of Bugula neritina
19 November 2014
Patricio, João and colleagues contribute with a new article in the scientific journal BioInvasions Records with a first record of Branchiomma bairdi an invasive sabellid polychaete that was detected for the first time on Madeira Island, reaching densities of 238–516 ind.m-2. B. bairdi was originally described from the western Atlantic (from Bermuda to Caribbean Sea) but the origin of this species is still unknown. This species has been recorded as an invasive species for the Pacific coast of Panama, Gulf of California, Mediterranean Sea, Canary Islands, and Australia. Hull fouling is the most likely vector for the introduction of the species.
Ramalhosa P, Camacho-Cruz K, Bastida-Zavala R, Canning-Clode J, (2014). First record of Branchiomma bairdi McIntosh, 1885 (Annelida: Sabellidae) from Madeira Island, Portugal (northeastern Atlantic Ocean) BioInvasions Records Volume 3, Issue 4: 235-239 http://dx.doi.org/10.3391/bir.2014.3.4.04 [Link]
14 November 2014
On November 14 there was a public demonstration of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV´s) in the Port of Funchal, organized by CIIMAR-Madeira on close collaboration with local port authority (APRAM). This demonstration represented one of the first events of the recently launched Observatorio Oceanico da Madeira (OOM). We took this opportunity to present our Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) named STINGER, which we hope will help us monitoring and detect non-indigenous species (NIS) in Madeira waters.
01 September 2014
Patricio and co-authors contribute to a local scientific journal BOCAGIANA with a first record of crab Pisa carinimana (Crustacea, Decapoda, Epialtidae) an Eastern Atlantic species, with a previously recorded range from Malaga in the south of Spain to Angola along the west coast of Africa. As part of a field survey to monitor marine non-indigenous species in several marinas and ports of the archipelago of Madeira, Portugal, a specimen of Pisa carinimana was found. It was a fully grown ovigerous female with a carapace length of 7 mm collected inside the Port of Funchal in November 2013. This species is recorded for the first time from the island of Madeira.
Ramalhosa P, Canning-Clode J, Biscoito M, (2014) First record of Pisa carinimana (Decapoda: Epialtidae) from Madeira Island (Northeastern Atlantic Ocean) BOCAGIANA Museu de História Nacional do Funchal 239: 1-7 ISSN 2183-3141 (online edition) [Link]
Dorsal view - Photo by Ramalhosa P. 2013
Ventral view - Photo by Biscoito M. 2013
20 March 2014
João participates in the annual ICES working group on introduction and transfers of marine organisms. This expert group was established in 1969 and meets every year to address several research questions such as early detections of new invaders, ecological impacts, risk assessments, distributions, among others. The meeting is taking place in Lithuania. [Link]
18 February 2014
PORTO SANTO LINE sponsors the Canning-Clode Marine Lab with 4 trips to the neighboring island of Porto Santo in 2014. These travel vouchers will allow our researchers to continue the non-indigenous species monitoring program in the island.
13 February 2014
EFEN-HOTELARIA, S.A. donates 1029.60 euros to the Canning-Clode Marine Lab to purchase research equipment. We aim to acquire an OpenRov (Telerobotic submarine) and a GoPro (High definition camera) in order to early detect invasive species in marinas and ports of the Madeira island system.
27 January 2014
A considerable amount of consumer plastics, metals, rubber, paper, textiles and fishing gear are discarded into the marine environment every day, making marine debris one of the most extensive pollution problems our planet is facing today. These materials constitute a possible vector for the introduction of non-indigenous species as some species are capable of surviving long and stressful journeys in the open ocean. Our group already established synergies with a few local nautical recreational companies to implement a regional survey on marine debris.
We are proud to announce that this cooperation just started in January 2014. ‘Ventura Nature Emotions’ captured a ship rescue buoy off the south coast of Madeira island and brought it to us to proceed with sampling. We found a few organisms settled on the buoy, namely barnacles and molluscs.
27 December 2013
Together with colleagues from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and during his post doc appointment at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, João participated in a investigation focusing the Peruvian jingle shell - Anomia peruviana - at the Atlantic entrance of Panama Canal. This joint effort was led by Carmen Schlöder and its findings were just released in the journal Aquatic invasions. The authors believe A. peruviana was transported through the Canal from the Pacific to the Atlantic attached as hull fouling on vessels or recreational boats. Salinity tolerance experiments in the laboratory showed that all individuals in the seawater control survived while 25% survived a 12-hour exposure to freshwater from Gatun Lake, confirming that some A. peruviana individuals can survive even the estimated maximum transit of up to 12 hours through the Panama Canal.
Schloder C, Canning-Clode J, Saltonstall K, Strong EE, Ruiz GM and Torchin ME (2013). The Pacific bivalve Anomia peruviana in the Atlantic: a recent invasion across the Panama Canal ? Aquatic Invasions, Volume 8, Issue 4: 443–448 [Link]
05 December 2013
Canning-Clode Marine Lab website is launched
04 December 2013
As a member of the Working Group on Introductions and Transfers of Marine Organisms (WGITMO) of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), Joao contributed providing guidance for the application of NIS related management in the European Union Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Ten recommendations, including NIS identification, standardization of sampling and data, indicators, propagule pressure and management issues are considered in this paper.
Ojaveer H, Galil BS, Minchin D, Olenin S, Amorim A, Canning-Clode J, Chainho P, Copp GH, Gollasch S, Jelmert A, Lehtiniemi M, McKenzie C, Mikus J, Miossec L, Occhipinti-Ambrogi A, Pecarevic M, Pederson J, Quilez-Badia G, Wijsman JW, Zenetos A (2013). Ten recommendations for advancing the assessment and management of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems, Marine Policy, 2013, ISSN 0308-597X, j.marpol.2013.08.019. [Link]
02 November 2013
Mad_MOMIS program is released to public at II CONGRESSO INTERNACIONAL "O DESPORTO E O MAR - DESAFIOS E OPORTUNIDADES" in Clube Naval do Funchal.
Canning-Clode J, Ramalhosa P, (2013) Programa de monitorização de espécies marinhas não-indígenas no Arquipélago da Madeira (MAD_MOMIS). II CONGRESSO INTERNACIONAL "O DESPORTO E O MAR - DESAFIOS E OPORTUNIDADES"
20 September 2013
João and co-authors detected the bryozoan Celleporaria brunnea for the first time. The native range of C. brunnea seems to extend from British Columbia to the Galapagos, Ecuador. Our discovery indicates that this is the first record of C. brunnea across the East Atlantic and the first record of a species in this genus in the north-eastern Atlantic.
Canning-Clode J, Souto J, McCann L (2013). First record of Celleporaria brunnea (Bryozoa: Lepraliellidae) in Portugal and in the East Atlantic. Marine Biodiversity Records, 6, e108 [Link]
João and co-authors conducted a six-year survey of a marina Quinta do Lorde, located on the south coast of Madeira island, Portugal to assess NIS diversity on the island, constituting the first NIS inventory for the archipelago. We found 16 NIS, of which 9 are new records. Both species richness and abundance changed during the course of colonization whether total, NIS, or native diversity were considered. The number of native species decreased with colonization while the number of NIS significantly increased. More importantly, we demonstrated that the number of NIS detections in the marina was correlated with increasing ship traffic over the years.
Canning-Clode J, Fofonoff P, McCann L, Carlton JT, Ruiz GM (2013). Marine invasions on a subtropical island: fouling studies and new records in a recent marina on Madeira Island (Eastern Atlantic Ocean). Aquatic Invasions (Impact Factor: 1.14). 01/2013; 8(3):261-270. [Link]
Rescue buoy floating off Madeira
Setlement of barnacles
Sampling number of individuals